1 OF TO-DAY Its principal Cities and Towns *&<&&<£ Protective and commercial ability^ <£•<£<£ Financial and trade resources ^g «g *£*£«£ «g Historical and Descriptive <£*£<£«£*£«£<& Edited by .* » J* J» G. W. LAMPKINS cf The Foster Press Chicago J* J* -."* ■< » Issued by the Kentucky Division of the Travelers Protective Association of America 1896 LOUISVILLE f H' Bedioa torical and descriptive position of its people, respflctfully inscribed by the Kentucky Division of the Travelers Protective Association of America INTRODUCTORY TO Kentucky of To-Bay /[nb Her Sre^t ©ities and Towns N presenting sketches of the more prominent cities of Kentucky it is appropriate to intro- duce the work with a brief general review of that magnificent State. At the com- mencement of the present century its deep rich soils were unbroken by the husbandman, but like a giant in repose, they were gathering strength for the mighty efforts of production to feed and clothe the intelligent and enterprising millions that were to inhabit the great Southern States. Its historical features are also of interest. The ad- venturous backwoodsmen of North Carolina were the pio- neers who led the way for the actual establishment of homes and families in Kentucky. There had been previous journeying through that region by Frenchmen, Englishmen, Americans, and probably Span- iards, but it was not until John Findlay, a North Carolinian, en >ssed the upper waters of the Tennessee, and, being led by abundance of game, advanced into the new country beyond the Cumberland Mountains, that the settlement of Kentucky began. Returning, he so fired the enthusiasm of Daniel Boone, that in May, 1769. with a company of five comrades (under the guidance of Findlay), Boone left his family at his home on the Yadkin River, crossed the mountains, and by June pitched his camp on the Red River, a branch of the Kentucky, within the present county of Morgan. With the exception of Boone, who was afterward joined by another brother, the members of the original party were either killed by the Indians or returned to North Carolina. Within two years, the intrepid Kentucky pioneer wandered over much of the present State, and then returned to his home in order to sell his farm and remove beyond the Cumberlands. Mewas not prepared to take up his adventures again for two -years. In 1774, Governor Dunmore, of Virginia, dis- patched him to his western wilderness to conduct out of it a party of surveyors who had ascended the Kentucky, and were in danger of being massacred by the Indians. Boone reached the party in June, 1774, while they were surveying Harrodsburg (now in Mercer County), the first settlement in Kentucky. Soon afterward Judge Richard Henderson, of North Carolina, organized the Transylvania Company, and with the assistance of Boone negotiated a treaty with the Chero- kees, by which the country between the Ohio, Kentucky and Cumberland rivers was ceded to them for $50,000. Boone at once proceeded to pave the way for planting settlements between and along the Tennessee and Kentucky rivers. In April, 1775, he laid out Boonsborough, Madison County, to which place he removed his family, his wife and daughters being the first white women to stand on the banks of the Kentucky. In 1789, the Legislature of Virginia passed an act con- senting that the district of Kentucky, which formed a part of that commonwealth, should be erected into an independent State. This act was formally accepted by Kentucky in July, 1790. The Congressional Act admitting it into the Union took effect June 1, 1792. Kentucky has had four constitutions — those of 1792, 1800, 1850, and 1891 — the fourth constitution was adopted, in convention, on April 11, 1891, and was ratified in the sum- mer of that year. From the Ohio river to the Cumberland, through the range of eastern counties, extending from Oldham to Mason, lies the famous blue-grass country, composed of lands which rest upon limestone, and give nutritious pasturage to noble horses and cattle. In the value of horses, Kentucky now stands fourteenth among the States, the figures being $29- 346,000. According to the latest statistics, the leading crop, corn, is valued at over $31,000,000. Next comes tobacco, one of the great products of the State, the average annual value of the yield for the last nine years having exceeded $15,000,- 000. the crops of 1890 amounted to over 166,000,000 pounds; the hemp crop to 12,000,000. LOUISVILLE THE FAUUS CITY HE largest and most important city in Kentucky, and the second in size on the •>#' ( )hio river, is situated in latitude 38deg., 25 min. north; longitude 8s deg., 40 min., 30 seconds west, and is distant 956 miles from New York, 1.034 from Boston, 794 from Washington, 482 from Pittsburg, 537 from Buf- falo, 377 from Detroit, 323 from St. Louis, 305 from Chicago, and no each from Cincinnati and Indianapolis. The land about the Falls of the Ohio was surveyed as early as 1 770. but the first settlement was made in 1773. wnen Capt. Thomas Bullitt led an exploring party to this point, establishing a camp at the mouth of Beargrass Creek, then at the foot of what is now Third St. No attempt was made to further settle the place until 1778. when the memorable expedition of Gen. George Rogers Clarke, acting under the authority of the Legislature of Virginia, was made. Gen. Clarke de- scended the river with 300 men for the purpose of reducing British possessions in this section of the country. It is re- lated that in order to deceive the enemy he landed his troops on an island opposite the present City of Louisville, and had the ground cleared in order to enable six families, viz.: those , f fames Patton, R. Gheno with, John Tuel, Wm. Fait and J. McManness, who accompanied the expedition, to plant com thereon, which they did that year with the feigned view of set- tling the country, and thus allay any suspicion relative to the ultimate object of Gen. Clarke. It is probable that Corn Island, then a v ast area covered with dense forest, which the waters have since gradually carried away by their action, until in tune, of high water no trace is left of the spot made sacred as the habitation ot ( .en. Clarke and his brave comrades, received its name Irom tin- purpose for which the land was first cleared. Nothing has done more to advance the growth and pros- perity of our city than the locomotive. Our people were among the earliest to see the incalculable benefit to be de- rived, and to anticipate their future power in the world. Pre- vious to the war her success was owing largely to her position on one of the largest waterways in the world, but since that time it is along the iron tracks that prosperity has come into the city. In the number and importance of our railroads the town is especially favored, several of the largest systems in the country have termini here and we are in direct, quick and cheap communication with every part of the continent. The presence of competing lines enables our merchants to secure the advantage of very cheap freight rates. II LOUISVILLE The Louisville Southern was chartered in 1868. The main line was completed and opened May 16, 1888. It runs through the famous Bluegrass region, the richest land in the world. The road after passing through various hands was absorbed during the present year by the vast system known as the Southern Railway Company. The Chesapeak, Ohio & Southwestern is Louisville's other outlet to the South, via Paducah and Memphis. It is of the greatest import- ance as a competing line to the Louisville & Nashville railroad, which company is now contesting with the Illinois Central in the courts for its possession. T h e Louisville, Evans- ville ik St. Louis, known as the "Air Line," offers the shortest route to St. Louis and the Southwest. It passes through a rich territory and greatly enlarges the city's facilities for trade. The Louisville, New Al- bany & Chicago is a direct line through to Chicago and all points in Indiana and the Northwest. The Louisville, St. Louis & Texas runs parallel with the river to Henderson, Owensboro, and on to St. Louis, making competition with the steamboats. The Baltimore, Ohio & Southwestern is the quickest FOURTH AVENUE AND JEFFERSON si'RKKI route to Cincinnati, and is another outlet to the North. An important addition is made during the present year to the number of our railroads, by the arrival of the Cleve- land, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis, which comes into Louisville over the new Louisville and Jeffersonville bridge. This is one of the greatest railroad systems in the world and will be a great factor in the city's future development and progress. MANUFACTURING INTERESTS Manufacturing establish- ments numbering 1 ,700, with a combined capital of $36,- 086,985, employing 27,198 hands, paying wages amounting to $12,372,871, and turning out annually products valued at $54,5 15,- 226. Louisville is the greatest whisky mart of the world. The name and reputation of Kentucky whiskies are of world-wide celebrity, and in no district of the habit- able globe has the accom- plishment of making fine whiskies reached a standard as high as that generally recognized as belonging to Kentucky. The Fifth Internal Revenue District of Kentucky, which includes this (Jefferson) and adjacent counties, is one of the most important in the United States as regards quantity, quality, and uniformity in the grade of whiskies produced, IKING WEST ON JEFFERSON 12. ONLY NIGHT'S RIDE BETWEEN Louisville ilflemphis LIHITED TRAINS NEW AND MODERN EQUIPMENT THE ONL\ LINE with schedules arranged to accommodate the needs of commercial and other travel, between Louisville and Mem- phis, desiring to leave either point at the close of one day and arrive at the other on the opening of the next. THE BEST LINE BETWEEN Gioeionati aod Memphis Rates, Time-Tables, and further confirmation of above furnished at the following places: LOUISVILLE, KY.,No.230 Fourth Avenue C. R. RYAN, Passenger and Ticket Agent MEMPHIS, TENN., No. 303 Main Street W. J. HcBRlDE, District Pass, and Ticket Agt. J NO. ECHOLS, Qen-, Mg r. S . Q . „ ATCH , Qen , Pas , AgL LOUISVILLE, KY. ij Louisville & Nashville RAILROAD THE STEEL RAIL AND STONE BALLASTED ITS OWN RAILS BETWEEN THE CITIES OF CINCINNATI LEXINGTON LOUISVILLE NASHVILLE BIRMINGHAM PENSACOLA ST. LOUIS EVANSVILLE MEMPHIS MONTGOMERY MOBILE NEW ORLEANS SOLID TRAINS OF Pullman Sleeping Cars, Elegant Day Coaches Commodious Baggage Cars RUN THROUGH BETWEEN NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN TERMINALS. Y. VAN DEN BERG, Traffic Manager. C. P. ATMORE, Gen'l LOUISVILLE, KY. Pass. Agt. LOUISVILLE and in the amount of tax paid into the treasury of the gen- eral government on this class of manufacture. The manufacture of whisky is a Kentucky industry. The fine whiskies which are made and sold in Louisville, and dis- tributed from here, have their reputation and are sought for as Kentucky whiskies, and not as Louisville whiskies. Ken- tucky whisky belongs among the finer beverages, and should no more be classed with spirits than are cognacs and rums. Like all finer beverages, whiskies are known and ranked by their brands. All Kentucky whiskies have a distinctive po- sition in the trade, but the care, skill and good management of manufacturers have secured a special reputation and favor for the product of particular distilleries, without reference to the particular locality within the State in which they are situated. There is invested in distilling property in Kentucky more than $6,000,000. Apart from the revenue which the State and nation derive from this vast property and its product many thousands of our citizens are furnished with profitable em- ployment at remunerative wages through its agency. A large distillery furnishes a market for corn, rye, malt, staves, hoop- iron, cattle, hay, straw and labor. The grain from which the alcohol has been extracted furnishes food for many thousand cattle. The crop of a year of full production requires over 300,000 barrels, costing over $600,000, and employing hun- dreds of coopers. The distilleries are large consumers of coal, and a conservative estimate puts the amount used by them annually at something over 2,000,000 bushels, which largely come from Kentucky mines. The transportation of these immense stocks of whisky, together with that of the raw material entering into its production and necessary for its manufacture and handling, furnishes a valuable tonnage to our transportation lines. Whisky is one of the most im- portant freight articles on some roads out of Louisville, and the contributions it pays for the support of the railroad sys- tem help to relieve the rates on wheat, corn, lumber, etc. • There are 309 registered grain distilleries in Kentucky, about 200 of which operate more or less each year, giving direct employment to about 2,000 men. When are added to them those employed in mining coal, getting out staves, mak- ing barrels and shipping whisky, the importance of this in- dustry to our State will be readily appreciated. To make this industry more valuable it is permanent. The peculiar character of the water of this State is maintained by all dis- tillers to have a great influence in establishing the qualities of the whisky produced here. The nature of the climate, varied but not extreme, is also a potent influence. The same processes and same material used away from Kentucky air and Kentucky water does not produce the same whisky. The cure necessary in the manufacture of choice Ken- tucky whisky, involving as it does the providing of expensive plants, keeping all parts of the establishment clean and sweet and selecting the choicest and soundest grain, makes it an expensive product, and gives it a high intrinsic value. The high revenue tax is not so out of proportion in the case of fine whisky as it is in the case of high wines. The plants for the manufacture of high wines and other commercial grades of distilled spirits are not nearly so expensive as those of whisky makers. The product of high wine distilleries and distilling establishments is ready for the market as sooi as it comes from the still, while whiskies intended for bev- erages are not usable for a year, not fairly merchantable under three years, and improve in excellence and value every year. All of these facts together make attempts on the part '4 INCORPORATED 1875 Louisville Manufacturing Co. WM. BENNETT President riANUFACTURERS OF FURNITURE FACTORY 29TH STREET CHESTNUT TO MADISON OFFICE AND SALESROOM 605 WEST MAIN STREET Factory on line of Belt Railroad Connecting with all Railroads entering the City Louisville, Ky. W.T. Pyne Mill and Supply Co. MANUFACTURERS OF Iron Towers SMOKE STACKS AND SHEET-IRON WORK IRON AND STEEL TANKS Round and Square Wood Tanks and Vats DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF Mill and Factory Supplies Also builders of a larjje number of Celebrated Kentucky Distilleries PRICES QUOTED AND CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED 1301 TO 1319 W. MAIM ST. Cut represents ||lir 4' ' oot tower and 6,coo gallon tank Louisville, Ky. '5 LOUISVILLE of whisky makers to defraud the government very unlikely. As a matter of historical fact the great frauds upon the rev- enue have been perpetrated by the highwine makers and the rectifiers. PRODUCTION OF KENTUCKY WHISKY. The following table, compiled from the records of the Internal Revenue offices, give the production of Kentucky whisky, 1863 to 1894 inclusive : Total gallons 1 863 to 1868 3,593,79 1 1868 to 1869 7,018,806 1869 to 1870 1 1,082,082 1870 to 1 87 1 5,870,002 1871 to 1872 5,203,071 1872 to 1873 5,244,663 1873 to 1874 6,982,709 1874 to 1875 9.399,338 1875 to 1876 6,245,717 1876 to 1877 7,889,151 1877 to 1878 6,371,964 1878 to 1879 8,111,781 1879 to 1880 15,01 1,279 1880 to 1881 31,869.047 1881 to 1882 30,386,047 1882 to 1883 9,900,676 1883 to 1884 10,409,551 Total gallons 1884 to 1885 13458,995 1885 to 1886 *iq,3i8,8iq 1886 to 1887 17,015,034 1887 to 1888 7,463,609 1888 to 1889 21,960,748 1889 to 1890 36,189,378 1890 to 1891 33,393,045 1891 to 1892 33,200,000 1892 to 1893 • ■ • 45,366.470 1893 to 1894 "... 20,132,803 These figures are estimated on the fiscal year ending June 30th. KENTUCKY JEANS. Among the great industries which bring Louisville promi- nently to the front as a manufacturing center is the produc- tion of jeans. The trade in Kentucky jeans extends all over tlie United States and is increasing each year. There are at present located here fixe immense factories, giving employ- ment to a large number of hands. In this line Louisville is in a position to successfully compete with the rival establish- ments of any center in the country. The clothing business in this city has been making considerable progress, and if the same increase continues will enable us to compete with all comers; the city is steadily going to the front and is now recognized as one of the best markets to place orders. J LOUISVILLE FORTY YEARS' RECORD H- McKENMA DISTILLER OF NELSON COUNTY PURE OLD LINE 50UR MASH WHISKY FAIRFIELD, NELSON COUNTY, KY. ESTABLISHED 1844 TELEPHONE 1269 OLD BLUE HOUSE R.G.SHANLEY DEALER IN FINE OLD LIQUORS FOR FAMILY PURPOSES 245 FOURTH AVENUE H.McKENNAS WHISKIES A SPECIALTY LOUISVILLE, KY. CO. "OLD TIMES" whisky received Highest Award Medal and Diploma for all ages over all Kentucky whiskies, Sept. 5, 1893. Awarded by World's Columbian Exposition Jury of Awards, consisting of the leading experts of all nations, assisted by United States Government Chemists, awarding the magnificent score of 98.17 points out of a possible 100. The distillery, as it appeared at the World's Eair, is now located at Twenty-eighth and Broadway. It is in operation, and the public are cordially invited to visit same and see how " Old Times'' whisky was made one hundred years ago and up to the present time. Eighteenth and Main, and Green Street electric cars marked "Parkland" pass the distillery every few minutes. fcOUISWIfclrB KENTUCKY '7 LOUISVILLE GEOGRAPHICAL ADVANTAGES Geographical position and manufacturing advantages are necessarily so homogeneous in the progress as well as in the birth of a great manufacturing community, that in the sub- ject-matter of this volume these two requisites are combined in their exposition as they naturally are in their power. I ,ouis- ville combines more geographical advantages of position than almost any city in the Union, bearing the same commercial relation to the new South as Chicago does to the new North- west, with this important difference, viz.: in addition to her extensive railroad connections she has an advantage that cannot be overestimated in the noble river that, Mowing at her feet and capable of bearing the traffic of a nation, mingles its waters with those of the majestic Mississippi, and thus through that great artery and its tributaries, brings to our doors the rich products of the vast regions that border the Upper and Lower Mississippi, the St. Francis, the White, Black, Arkansas, Yazoo, Anochita, Red, and many other navigable water-courses. Can there, therefore, be any doubt of the future of the Falls City as a commercial and shipping as well as a manufacturing point ? The contemplated im- provement of the rivers may for a brief time be delayed, but the very necessities of the country will force the expenditure of the ready money requisite to render this great highway of transportation all that it can be made, and which its location to producing and consuming populations of the country indi- cate it must be. Not only will the increasing wants of the people for cheap transportation require this, but the steadily growing bulks requiring transportation will render it neces- sary, and such improvements of the navigation of all con- necting rivers, as will make most available to those points this system of inland navigation, without a parallel in any nation or any country. Again, for the carrying on of manu- factures of great magnitude and variety Louisville is not excelled in natural advantages, and in the means for building up large and successful establishments by any of the most, favored of the other cities of the continent. It would not be possible within the limits of a single volume to give in detail all the facts in connection with the manufacturing operations conducted in Louisville. Suffice it to say whisky and tobacco are the leading products of Louisville; yet vast quantities of agricultural implements, vehicles of all kinds, leather, textile fabrics, boots and shoes, cements, steam-engines, machinery, architectural iron-work, stoves, tin and sheet-iron ware, sash, furniture, doors and blinds, cooperage, etc., add to the volume of her industries. To put the matter briefly, it may be tersely stated that Louisville is the largest tobacco market in the world; it makes and ships more cement than any city in the United States; it makes more oak-tanned leather than any city in the United States; it makes more plows than any city in the world; it makes more jeans than any other city; and last, but not least, it handles more fine whisky than any other market in the United States. THE TORNADO OF 1890 This great calamity which visited Louisville on the even- ing of March 27th, 1800, is of historical importance. A heavy rainstorm began before eight o'clock, followed by hail and severe lightning. The wind then rose and at 8:30 p. m. the tornado struck the city, ploughed its way through in a few minutes, and in its brief time wrought terrible havoc and disaster. The storm approached Louisville from a south- westerly direction, crossing to Jeffersonville, damaging the _iiL l.OinSYILI.H THE 5CHAEFER-MEYER BREWING CO. _^ LOGAN AMD LAMPTON STREETS LOUISVILLE, KY FRANK FEHR BREWING CO BREWERS AND BOTTLERS OF F.F.X.L.and Lager Beer We challenge the world to produce a purer or better article 420 to 446 E. GREEN and 420 to 440 MARSHALL Bottling: Works, 441-443 E. Green JOHN F. KELLNER, President CHAS. P. DEHLER, Secretary J. GEO. RUCKSTUHL. Vice President FRANK FEHR. Manager TELEPHONES Office— 856 and 1919 Bottling Department 467 Branch, 20th and Grayson — 505 '9 LOUISVILLE front of that city greatly; thence recrossing the river and de- stroying the standpipe of the water-works, about three- miles east of where it first struck the river. The path of the storm through the portion of the city visited was from six hundred to eight hundred yards wide, and in its passage it killed out- right seventy-six persons, and injured over two hundred more. It destroyed partially, and in some cases totally, five churchc-s, one railroad depot ( Union ),two public halls, three school buildings, two hundred and sixty-six stores, thirty-two manufacturing establishments, ten tobacco warehouses, and five hundred and thirty-two residences. The pecuniary loss by storm was, after careful calculation, estimated at $2,150,- 000. The calamity aroused the sympathy of the country, and pecuniary assistances for the relief of the suffering it caused was freely tendered; but Louisville felt aide to attend to her own stricken ones, and the offers were thankfully and grate- fully declined. Something over $15,000 was sent in a way that could not be refused, but that amount and about $1,000 more was spent in relieving suffering outside the territory of the city. The citizens contributed over $115,000, besides clothing, bedding, and food, and with these means, through the admirable system pursued by the Board of Trade Relief Committee, food, shelter, medical attention and burial ex- penses were promptly provided and distress from want pre- vented, and the losses of the poor, including the rebuilding of three hundred and eleven homes and their wreckage of furniture, made good. The faithful and successful work of this committee of relief is worthy of, and has justly received, the highest praise. The destruction of the standpipe at the water-works threatened a water famine, which would have caused many factories to shut down and thrown many peo- ple out of employment, and seriously affected the health of the city, but this danger was happily averted by the energy of the Water Company and the skill of its engineer. For a month or more a large number of her pushing business men were occupied with relieving the distress, removing the wreck and rebuilding necessitated by the tornado, and consequently in some departments the business of the city was neglected and fell off. PROMINENT BUILDINGS The erection of large buildings of every description is continually going on in Louisville, and from present pros- pects seems to be destined to be as actively pushed in the future, as in the past. Prior to the year 1885, there was considerable opposition to the new style of structures called "sky-scrapers" but with the spread of more general information regarding the thor- oughly fire proof manner in which they were built through- out, and the increased strength which was obtained by the use of iron and steel, this soon disappeared. Louisville today contains many fine examples of many-storied buildings, and as excessive height has never been attempted, the architec- tural effect is much enhanced. THE CITY WATER SUPPLY Louisville is supplied with water by the Louisville Water Company, which, though distinct from the municipal corpora- tion, is almost a city department, Louisville owning $1,274,- 600 of stock, the total stock amounting to $1,275,100, conse- quently the officers are answerable to the city as the principal stock holder. The water is obtained from the Ohio four miles above the city, and pumped into two reservoirs, having a capacity of 100,000,000 gallons, 179 feet above the low-water mark of the river. The works were completed in 1879 and DRUMMERS FAVORITE 1 < U'lSYIU.H FOR SALE BY ALL DEALERS AND JOBBERS ALWAYS MEMTIOM KB-flE' TO YOUR CUSTOMERS BOYS WE ARE YOUR FRIENDS "KIS=ME CHEWING GUM " " Da Kis- me, dear," The youth Insisted. As 'round her weld One arm h ; twL>teo. " I will," siic laughed, " If you'li ■ To get some ' KIs-Me Gum for roe KIS-ME GUM CO. Louisville, ky SIX FLAVORS IN EACH CARTON SIX CAKES FOR 5 CENTS WRITE FOR SAMPLES AND PRICES JOHN CUDAHY, President Chicago, 111. W. 1'. CLANCY, V-Prest., Treas. and Gen'l Mj Louisville. Kv. ALEX. HUNTER. Ass't Secy. Louisville, Ky. Louisville Packing 6o. INCORPORATED PACKERS CURERS OF MAGNOLIA- BRAND OF MEATS Louisville, Ky. H. F. Vissman & Co. CURERS OF THE CELEBRATED "DERBY HAM" BREAKFAST BACON ^£ SHOULDERS AND MANUFACTURERS OF ALL KIMDS OF SAUSAGE STRICTLY PURE LEAF LARD, DRIED BEEF PACKING HOUSE 417 to 433 BICKEL AVENUE BRANCH HOUSE, 338 2nd STREET LOUISVILLE, KY i.ouis\ and have cost altogether about $6,000,000, the annual receipts for water supply amounting to about $330,000, while the ex- penses for conducting the works aggregate $70,000 yearly. BANKING AND FINANCE Louisville stands out in strong contrast to other Western and Southern cities, as regards all matters connected with modern banking and finance, and no city in the United States can point to such an unabated and uniform prosperity as the ban kin-- institutions of the Falls City during the present gen- eration. A large part of the South is entirely dependent upon her for banking facilities, and during the financial crisis of the past lew years, merchants, manufacturers and financiers have not relied on Louisville in vain. Managed with rare fidelity and sagacity, no spirit of speculation has shaken her banks and no defalcation has gutted their vaults. Louisville, as is well known, is a great center for loaning money to outside corporations, and few cities in the West or South have so much of their capital invested in property be- yond their limits as ours. • PLACES OF AMUSEMENT Louisville, which has for years had the reputation among theatrical managersof being an Ai " show town," supports a number of well-equipped, fir>t-class theatres and amusement halls, and they are largely patronized by the best class of people, citizens and strangers. The . plays presented in the theaters are generally of a high order of merit, and the prices of admission are reasonable. Each has a history of success or failure peculiarly its own ; and upon the boards of these houses of entertainment the greatest actors of the past and present, both of our own country and of Europe, have de- ILLE lighted thousands by their faithful representations of the dif- ferent phases of human life. THE COMMERCIAL CLUB The Commercial Club was organized in 1887 and has a membership of over thirteen hundred, representative busi- ness and professional men. It is not a social organization but a large merchantile army, that has for its object the advancement of the city's financial, commercial and manu- facturing prosperity. The club is made up of the younger business element of the city, and has achieved great success by bringing Louis- ville and Kentucky before the notice of the world by special undertakings and the dissemination of interesting and valu- able printed matter, which has advertised the city and attracted large capital and business here. Its various committees arc constantly introducing pro- jects for the good of the city and its citizens in a business way, and endeavor by entertainments and correspondence to attract new enterprises and thus further the prosperity and commerce of the city. The club has spacious quarters in the Board of Trade building. THE BOARD OF TRADE One of the most important organizations in Louisville is the Board of Trade, which was duly incorporated by the Legislature in 1873, and has ever aimed to assist not only the merchants and manufacturers of our city, but also the peo- ple of the city and state in all matters relating to business prosperity. Its policy has always been to advertise the advantages of Louisville as a trading point and aid our merchants in extending their business. The board often LOUTSVTLLR STITZEL BROTHER COMPANY DISTILLERS OP tine kentucky whiskies LOUISVILLE, KY. ESTABLISHED i ft 75. A. Von Micheroux & Co. inPORTERS £>.18 Pulton St., Cor. Columb Heights i a BROOKLYN, N. Y. LOUISVILLE & EVAM5VILLE MAIL COMPANY INCORPORATED STEAHERS Tell City, Rose Hite, E. J. Ragon and Tarascon Leaves Louisville daily except Sunday at 4 p. m. Leaves Evansville daily except Sunday and Monday at 6. p. m. Monday at io a. m. GENERAL OFFICES 176-178 Fourth Avenue LOUISVILLE, KY. Kentucky River Packet and Towboat Co. INCORPORATED Hi 11 Louisville, Frankfort, Tyrone and Shaker Ferry Packet J. I., s 1 All; Prest. and Uen'l Manager • 24-126 4th Street TELEPHONE 1067, RING 2 33 LOUIS VI brings to the city excursions of merchants from some locality, where our merchants have customers. It receives and entertains them at its own expense, affording them every opportunity for seeing that it would be advantageous for them to trade with us. It has a membership of over five hundred members, consisting of the leading wholesale and retail merchants, manufacturers and many belonging to the professions. In addition to the issuing, etc., of daily market prices, both local and at large, the care of transportation interests and other matters usual in boards of trade, it has a first-class reference and statistical library, which is extremely valuable to members and citizens. The board occupies offices in its own spacious building at Third and Main streets, where its large trade hall, having a seating capacity of six hundred, and also the committee rooms are located. RESIDENTIAL LOUISVILLE If Louisville possesses, as she certainly does, all the ad- vantages to which reference has been made, it will perforce be admitted that no element in the constitution of a great city is wanting. The capitalist who would invest money to advantage can here find a promising field for enterprise. There is also plenty of room for more manufacturing indus- tries. The man of leisure, with fixed income, may find in the Falls City, too, a delightful home, and live just as his means may allow, even to the enjoyment of luxury. The mechanic and tradesman can, by industry and economy, secure a com- fortable domicile on easy terms, and in Louisville every rea- sonable wish may be gratified, and the new settler find a wel- come to any class of society which may be congenial to his taste. The great problem of how and where to live never agitated so many minds as now. The pressure of a high civilization, the requirements of life under conditions of tense strain, the increasing impracticability, with rich and poor alike, of making both ends in^pt in what seem inevitable responsibilities and importunate demands, all combine to render the question a vital one. Many perplex themselves a while and then give up the conundrum. The capable work- man drifts into swarming tenement houses. The well-to-do organizers of business interests drop into boarding houses or hotels. The wealthy emigrate to Europe on indefinite tours and errands to escape the annoyance of unfaithful servants and the care of establishments. Young men take a practical view of the matter and omit to marry. Young women take advantage of the dilemma, educate themselves for doctors, teachers, lawyers, etc., and, very sensible, make royal and hospitable homes for themselves, welcoming whom and when they choose. But the little children of native-born American citizens become fewer and fewer, and children of the emigrant and alien outnumber the infant home-born sons and daughters of the republic. In considering how and where to live, there are growing indications that the native citizen is just perching like an uncertain bird of passage on the wing, or losing individuality in tene- ment house herds, hotel hives, and pleasure haunts. Growing more slowly and clinging more to traditions, Louisville enjoys many remarkable advantages as a resi- dence city for all classes, not the least of which is the taste, that has been characteristic from the first, in the beauti- fying and building of homes. The business quarter has always been plain, though the buildings have been equal to all the demands of an active commerce; while all who could build houses have made them as handsome as their means 34 J.E. MORAND, I'n«idc>ui DIRECTORS LOriSX'TIJ I HENRY KNIPPENBERG, Vice-President I'llll.ir I . [GOE, Sec'y and Treas. CHARLES H. GIBSON. I.nllisvill, R„BERT W. GKIGER ^ fAMESA.LEF.CH Louis Hite j. H. Lendenberger John H.Whali.ex John E. Morand John C. McCitcheon, Indianapolis Henry Knipi-enhekg Louisville Transfer Company HORE RUBBER TIRES THAN ANY CARRIAGE COMPANY IN AHERICA Cor. Ninth and Oreen Streets LOUISVILLE. KY., U.S. A. FDR SAI F BY ALL FIR5T " CLAS5 Old Kentucky Tobacco JOBBERS AND RETAILERS Weissinger's Special Burr Oak Hold Fast HARRY WEISSINGER T0BA6G0 GO. LOUISVILLE, KY. IRON, SLATE AND WOOD MANTELS HEATING AND COOKING STOVES Foreign and Domestic Tile for Floors Vestibules and Hearths SCRNLMN 5t COMPANY MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS trass Goods, Fenders, Fire Sets, Andirons, Coal Hods Vases, Umbrella Stands, etc. SALESROOM, 438 WEST MAIN STREET Foundry, Work Shop and Office .. 20th and Portland Ave. Louisville, Ky. R.MANSFELD&SON STORE FIXTURE WORKS MANUFACTURERS OF r Bank, Office, Store and Hotel Furniture- N °- 3I3 EAST MAIN STREET Fixtures, Show Cases, etc. L-OUISiZIL-L-©, KY. 3S permitted. The great plain upon which the city was built, covering seventy square miles, and extending back six miles to the river, to a group of picturesque knolls or hills, has afforded every facility for the ecomomical gratification of taste. Ground being plentiful and level, distance was not difficult to overcome; and so, instead of being crowded into restricted limits set up by natural barriers, the city has spread at her own pleasure. The streets are broad, well-paved, drained, and beautified with a profusion of fine shade trees. There are few cities in the world with such finely shaded streets as Louisville possesses, and none where the streets arc wider. The residences are, as a rule, provided with spacious yards and gardens, and in the spring of the year a drive over the city past the miles of great enclosures filled with flowers and shrubbery, and under the shade of trees rich with foliage and blossoms, is like a trip to fairyland. It is simply the pride of home, united with good taste and a constant study of the most effective architecture, that has thus produced in Louisville a city of remarkable residential attractions. The resident, be he workman with hands or brain, may have his own home, made attainable by the large industries which are glad to exchange just coin for fair service, and truly has it been remarked by the talented authoress of " Home and Home Influences": "To the hard-worked man nothing af- fords greater relief, gives greater strength lor the daily LOUISVILLE struggle, than the ability in one moment to turn his back on the din and turmoil, and dust and confusion — the inevitable concomitants of busy quartets, — and from his ozen hillside cot- tage breathe the pure air of heaven." This acquisition is easily and economically attainable, even by the subordinate J artisan, in this same city of Louisville. And thus the man of wealth, the manufacturer and capitalist, seeking a home in the City of the Falls, finds his interests and the well-being and safety of society resting upon a sound, secure basis of well-conditioned labor. This, indeed, is Louisville's strong point, that her citizens, employer and employed, form a homo- geneous household, depending upon each other, and each controlling their own affairs. The people who make up this community are best estimated through the important public works, large and liberal charities, superior system of public schools they have so long fostered with special solicitude, the inestimable benefits of the religious privileges afforded by the main churches, the advantages of free libraries, art galleries, the most charming social circles— all these advantages in a setting of healthful climate and sanitary local influences, to-l gether with the oft-quoted business prospects and oppor- tunities of the city, make, as it were, a medle> of substantial attractions as a residence suited to the varied requirements of the multitudinous types of men and women in whose lives and business schemes there iseveran undertone of " Donum, delce domun." LOUISVILLE i rM .,HOHT.P«.'-'» l »'"" >M - J. MARSHALL, Secretary THE WESTERN TdNNINQ COflFflNT PURE OAK TANNED HARNESS LEATHER JrJr 1327 to 1331 FIFTEENTH STREET LOUISVILLE, KV. Ill L.ttfeller^Sons WHOLESALE LIQUOR DEALERS Louisville, Ky. "O'l H.ICIts '"' TIIK WK1.I. KNO\*N IS11AX1 ()| ^ POTOMAC ROSE GLEN OLD EAGLE WHISKIES Hi.nuy Laur J. B. Hoi.lowav E. R. Hurley T. H. Garreti T. H. Garrett & Go. INCORPORATED MANUFACTURERS OF FROM Pure Kentucky Leaf SCOTCH SNUFF m<§ Office and Hills, 1209, 1211, 1213, 1215 W. Main St. LOUISVILLE, KY. "TRY IT" "LIKE IT" USE NO OTHER" R. R. GLOVER, President W. H. MAY.Sec'y and 1 rcas Louisville Coffin Company HANUFACTLIRERS OF BURIAL CASES, CASKETS, SHROUDS, LININGS AND FUNERAL SUPPLIES Cor. Eleventh and flagazine Sts. LOUISVILLE, KY. ?7 Travelers Protective Association OF AMERICA HE influences leading up to the organiza- tion of The Travelers' Protective Asso- ciation were the direct outgrowth of America's grand and unexampled Indus- trial and Commercial systems. Within a half century these mighty forces of human exertion have shown a more rapid and tremendous development in the United States than elsewhere in the combined civilized world. Steam power ranks first in the progressive measurement of production and distribution, and its use in connection with machinery has more than doubled the working power of each individual in this country since 1840, while the effective power of the people is three times greater than in i860. Two-thirds of our steam power is em- ployed in railway traffic, which is twice more than the com- bined railway traffic of the world outside of the United States. In a combination of hand, horse and steam power it is found that the I'nited States has a total energy equal to that of Great Britain, France and Germany united, while the ratio of energy in this country is twice greater to each inhabitant than in France and Germany and thirty per cent, more than in England. An ordinary American farm hand, with the employ- ment of improved machinery, raises as much grain as six men in Austria, five in Germany, four in France and three in England, Four men in this country can now produce as much Hour as will feed 1,000 persons for a month, with twelve ounces of bread for each one per day. These facts are taken from a late paper prepared by M. G. Mulhall, a distinguished English statistician, and are not therefore the imaginative product of an enthusiastic American, but simply illustrate the recognized power and extent of our commerce. Interwoven with these wondrous elements of produc- tion and distribution, are the vigorous energies of the imme- diate representatives of our manufacturers and merchants, comprising the commercial travelers of the country. In organizing an association for wise and beneficent objects, they have only followed the natural laws of protec- tion. They have concentrated a great power, that would otherwise be diversified, and become one of the most im- portant as well as efficient auxiliaries to commerce and trade that is known to civilization. Therefore the Travelers' Protective Association de- serves, as it has a right to claim, the encouragement and favorable consideration of every merchant, banker and manufacturer in the United States. 38 LOTISVILLI- ESTABLISHED 1848 D. FRANTZ & SONS MANUFACTURERS OF OAK SOLE LEATHER CORNER FRANKLIN AND BUCHANAN street LOUISVILLE, KY. Globe Tanning: Co. &SE.THE Harness leather hand stuffed Louisville, Kentucky A Hotel with our LIFE IS PREC IOUS. Have you the life of human beings in your care? If so, consider carefully the Kirker- Bender Fire Escape, which is nothing if not perfect. Once see it and you will say it is the only real Fire Escape in existence. The lame, blind, sick, women and children all come down through it with equal ease and safety. Write for further information. DOW&CO, *rn. Md Holt r. 8. Agti., LOUISVU LE. KY. Fire Escape is always the Headquarters of T. P. A. MEN. This escape is absolutely without a peer. Write us and let us tell you what people say who are using- them. Thousands have delighted to come down in them L. Richardson, President M. I). Stambach, V-Prestand Sec'y W. N. Henderson, Treas. and Manager Old Kentucky Woolen Mills Co Incorporated MANUFACTURERS OF Fine Woolens, Worsteds and Kentucky Jeans LOUISVILLE, KY. 39 What Has Been AGGOFnplishede^^e^ In conjunction with its mutual benefits The Travelers' Protective Association is secured by charter and founded upon beneficent and business principles that are stable and per- manent in character and therefore commands the respect and confidence of the country. Through its interposition it has secured from the I Inited States Supreme Court a decision against the constitutionality of the so-called "Drummers' License Tax," that was imposed by fifteen states, three territories and the District of Co- .;, lumbia. It has secured for its members bet- ter hotel accommodations and rates with the free privileges of sample rooms. From the St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern and "Cotton Belt" Railways it has secured for its members and other commercial travelers concessions of one- half cent per mile from regular rates, which involves a saving of at least $50,000 per annum to commercial travelers. It has obtained the benefits of "week end tickets" at half rates from a large number of western railway companies. Through the direct influence of The Travelers' Protec- tive Association, the Congress of the United States passed an amendment to the Inter-State Commerce Act for the benefit of commercial travelers, by which railroad corpora- tions are authorized to issue 5,000-mile interchangeable tickets with the privileges of an excess of sample baggage g HERMAN I.. WEIL, President Kentucky Division Travelers' Protective Association. to commercial travelers. The officers of the Association are now in correspondence with a large number of railroad com- panies to effect the objects of that amendment, and the inter- changeable mileage has been secured through the territory of the Central Traffic Association, embracing Indiana, Illi- nois, Ohio, part of Michigan, Wisconsin, New York, Penn- sylvania, West Virginia and Kentucky, at two cents per mile, and by buying an interchangeable mileage book, commercial travelers can now travel oxer a system embracing an aggregate of nearly one hundred railroads. Again, the association provides a $5,000 accident insurance policy for each of its members. It has also established a weekly benefit of S25.00 in case of injury by accident, limited to a term of fifty-two weeks. The commercial traveler is recog- nized as the trusted and responsible agent of our mercantile and manufacturing es- tablishments. He goes forth to build up and maintain the great business operations of these enterprises. He directs the flow of a thousand streams of trade to a cen- tral point. He touches new fields of industry and they be- come sources of ^reat profit, lie is the commercial Moses, smiting the rock that production and trade may spring forth to freshen and gladden the land. 50 LOUTSYTLLE ARTHUR JONES Old Reliable Brass Founder ESTABLISHED 1873 Brass and Copper Castings made to order on shortest notice COPPER BRANDS A SPECIALTY All work guaranteed to jjivc satisfaction an First Street near Main LOUISVILLE, KY. COUPES, CARRIAGES VICTORIAS TRAPS and SURREYS Baggage Transferred Promptly Best Service Lowest Prices Louisville Carriage, 60. •IOHN E. ROCHE President rplephone 1600 EIGHTH AND JErTERSON STS. t COLGANS k GUM mSa GOliGANS TaffyTolu Cum As ! -i&2 IT IS MADE IN SIX DELICIOUS FLAVORS Tolu, Cinnamon, Orange Peppermint Pepsin, Licorice Our Pepsin Gum is made with Armour's high test Lactated Pepsin, and is un- equaled for Dyspepsia. The Cinnamon flavor is being prescribed largely by Dentists to preserve the teeth and sweeten the breath. Q < m V) - — I O fi T 00 "* 1 <C «T ■a e m j j A GREAT SELLER. PERCENTAGE GOOD. THE ONLY LAXATIVE COUGH DROP ON THE MARKET THEREBY CURES COLDS x = II. A IU .CU5CADEN5 M>q < I Rf^ ^1 m a* 1*5 o O FLAXSEED- LICORICE - HDARHOUMD g <5e «!' So simple that everybody wants them. o a. ^istopical J)^ ^ :of fr\e= ®[ ? i o av«Icr'§:-^potcc!iv«:-^5§§ocia!ioi] T a convention of representative commer- cial men, held at Denver, Colorado, in June, i8qo, The Travelers' Protective As- sociation of America emerged from a former organization that was incomplete in structure ■ and ineffective in its operations. Resolute and able men were called upon to discharge the functions of office and complete the organic chart. Among these was Mr. George S. McGrew, of St. Louis, who was elected to serve as the first president of the Association. Hitherto organizations of this char- acter were local and limited in their influ- ences and operations, and that convention addressed itself to the work of nationalizing the Association. To that end the federal co-operative plan of organization was adopted, and subsequent experience has demonstrated its wisdom, both in the rapid growth and stability of the organization. That scheme of government was at once popular and effective because its foundation was the great principle of V FINIS E. LACK, Secretary- Treasurer Kentucky Division Travelers Protective Association community and independence, with a central or national authority, subdivisions corresponding with the several States and Territories, with local divisions or posts in the large cities and leading towns of the country. In each of these spheres of original authority there is harmonious co-operation and unwavering loyalty to the national organization. Such are the prominent features of the grand charter of The Travelers' Protective Association, which was organized under the general laws of Missouri, and became a legal and responsible body. Since that date its prog- ress has been onward and upward without interruption. The Second National Convention, held at Little Rock, Ark., in June, 1891, was a conspicuous occasion to celebrate a large increase in membership, with a surplus of nearly $7,000 in the treasury. Mr. McGrew was re-elected to the presidency for a sec- ond term. In June, 1892, the Third Annual Convention was held at Old Point Comfort, Va., at which the continued growth of the Association was reported, with a treasury surplus of about $14,000. Again, Mr. McGrew was elected president. LOUISVILLE BREAD BISCUITS CAKES CRACKERS TENTH AND MARKET STS. United States Bakii^^o. LOUISVILLE BAKERY LOUISVILLE, KY Largest and best equipped Bakery South of the Ohio River Turner, Day & Woolworth Manufacturing Co. MANUFACTURERS OF ALL KINDS OF AXE, ADZE, PICK, SLEDGE HATCHET Hammer and Mining Tool Handles 1818-1820 Seventh Street LOUISVILLE, KY..U.S.A. r^J^jT^i^ir^JSr^J^EJSJ^SrsrSJ^JSJSr^ErBfj JTt^Z--*^ , /Osm^i^ cc'-l' a^-&- At^4«>t^ c-ttu. /far- iJZi. -ft *^^r *Stzf <***-/" "f'-i^.c^ f, v -<->- as£J J tlf , *S ^?V^ >ttg^ ]?' :^_ i.O INCORPORATED StnJer Brothers Tokvcco Company MANUFACTURERS OF CM THE SQUARE'' AMD CUP GREEttVILE' PLUG TOBACCO -aag, gge e. LOUISVILLE, KY. 5S LOUISVILLE The Fourth Annual Convention was held at Peoria, 111., in June, i8g 3) at which increased progress was reported, with a steadily enlarging- membership and a treasury surplus of $24,315. At that convention Mr. John A. Lee, of St. Louis, Mo., was elected to the presidency. •Milwaukee, Wis., was the beautiful and opulent city m which the Fifth Annual National Conven- tion was held, in June, 1894. It was an interesting occasion. The Association ex- hibited a continued growth in membership and a surplus in the treasury of #27,608. So efficient and able had been the admin- istration of Mr. Lee, that he was unani- mously re-elected to serve a second term in the presidency In the old and historic city of San Antonio,Texas,theSixth Annua, National Convention was held in June, 189s, and for ' v ' cretaryi ""' Treasnrer Pos < "»" '—svnie Divfe ion *e third term Mr. John A. Lee was re-elected to the pres^ ^ dency, a fitting recognition of his able and efficient services 111 behalf of the Association. Terre I laute, Ind., was selected as the city for holding the convention on June 2d of the present year. The accompanying picture is a good likeness of Mr. A. II. Beckmann, the Secretary and Treasurer of Post " D " Louisville Division. T. P. A., and Secretary of the Kentucky Wholesale Grocers' Association. This earnest worker has been untiring in his efforts to bring into prominence the T.P.A.of A., and his articles on the interchangeable 5,000 mileage ticket have frequently been published. While the Louisville Post is small in number of active members, it claims an honorary membership of eighteen of Louisville's staunch jobbing merchants, due to the efforts of Mr. Beckmann, who are using their best endeavors to promote the inter- ests of theT. P. A. of A. While Mr. Beck- mann is an ardent admirer of associations and organizations, his broad gauge is well illustrated in an article which appeared m a St. Louis Commercial paper under date of January n, 1896, on the subject of the boycott of the Southern Wholesale Grocers' Associa- tion vs. the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company. 54 LOUISVILLE GEO. H. ENQELHARD V. H. ENGELHARD A. ENGELHARD, Jr. HEIttEUinitM 50115 JOBBERS OF IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC Wholesale Grocers and Liquor Dealers 80LE AGENTS FOR THE STATE OF KENTUCKY CARL UPMANN N£W YORK JOSE MORALES 4 CO. OCALA, FLA. CIGARS.. Louisville, Ky. D. C. BRENNER & CO. SEAL ENGRAVERS RUBBER STAMPS STENCILS BAGGAGE, BAR AND MINERS BRASS AND ALUMINUM f~* M P f^ V C ... ... STEEL DIES, BADGES, STENCIL, PAINT AND BRUSHES, BRASS SIGNS, ETC. \v. E. CALDWELL, Preslden II. B, WINTERSMITH, Sedretan TELEPHONE 1039-2 W. I CALDWELL (D. INCORPORATED MANUFACTURERS OFALL KINDS AND SIZES OF TOWERS, TUBS AND TANKS CYPRESS TANKS A SPECIALTY ALSO BUILDERS OF IRON AND STEEL TANKS 218-220 EAST MAIN STREET 217-219 BROOK STREET LOUISVILLE, KY., U.S. fl. S^ EUROPEAN HOTEL 1ESTAURANT ' QORB^SMAINST LOUISVILLE, ^®«®®®«®®«®®®^®e©< ■54 General Features ^G of tb_e= •Travelers Protective Association Qualifcations for Membership An applicant for membership must be a white male per- son, of good moral character, not under 20 nor over 55 years of age, a commercial traveler, salesman or buyer, engaged in a legitimate wholesale or manufacturing business. Instructions to Applicants When desirous of dividing the amount due your benefi- ciary, you must do so in fractions, viz.: one-fifth, one-fourth, etc., as you may desire. The beneficiary's Christian name must be given in all cases. Applications for alterations or changes cannot be ac- cepted. Applications must be accompanied with $5.00 which pays the semi-annual dues, and a $2.00 entrance fee which is to be appropriated as follows: $1.00 to the indemnity fund, 50 cents to the State Division and 50 cents to the local post from which the application is made. The annual dues are $10.00, payable either annually or semi-annually, as the applicant may direct. $1.00 of which goes to the State Division; $1.00 to the Post: $2.00 to the Expense Fund, and $6.00 to the Benefit Fund. Objects of the Association 1 st. To secure the repeal of all Municipal, County, State or Territorial laws imposing or forcing a license tax on com- mercial travelers. 2d. To secure recognition from railroads as a profes- sion, obtain as favorable terms on transportation and bag- gage as are given to any other class of travelers, and to adjust all differences between railroads and commercial travelers on a fair, equitable and business basis. 3d. To secure hotel accommodations commensurate with the price paid, and to adjust all complaints against hotels, or by them against commercial travelers. 4th. To elevate the social and moral character of com- mercial travelers as a profession, and to bring about the bet- ter acquaintance of members. 5th. To provide a Death Benefit Fund in case of death by accident or from natural causes. Benefits $5,000 in case of death by accident; $25.00 weekly indem- nity for fifty-two weeks in case of accident; $2,500 for loss of both legs and arms, and $2,500 for loss of one leg and one arm; $1,000 for loss of one arm or one leg; $1,000 for loss of one hand and one foot; $5,000 for loss of both eyes and $1,000 for loss of one eye. 56 LOUISVILLE *7ifH? J^eoiie flotela- IXCdKI'ORATED PIKE CAMPBELL, Manager. RATES, $2-92 amd S2 50 per day 515 to 527 Fifth Street, The most Centrally Located Hotel in the City IsOClisVl I le, f\ty. THE BEST $2.00 HOUSE IN THE CITY. I OUISVILLE ^ HOTEL American and european plan. LOUISVILLE, KY. Thos. A. Mulligan, manager. Amtiro@&0) Plauio L LLE„ IT, f^&to §^o®@ ft® m.@@ ®@c* i A. R. COOPER, Manager. MEMBERS OF TICKET BROKERS' ASSOCIATION. W. L. Solomon & Co. R. R. Ticket Brokers and Commissioned Agents 77 Clark Street, CHICAGO, ILL. REDUCED RATES TO ALL POINTS IN THE U. S. Passengers contemplating a trip via Chicago, either North, Hast, South or West, will do well to purchase tickets as far as Chicago ONLY. On arrival in Chicago, call at our office and we will guar- antee to save you from $1.00 to $20.00 on balance of ticket. Remember the Number 77 Clark Street. CHICAGO Telephone Slain 209.1 .aaa; ^LJ^ Wj>. ^33 5S" CUflfiEflT YEAR The Association is now organized in 32 states and in q8 large cities of the United States. It is the only National Commercial Association in the United States, and so thoroughly, compactly and cohesively organized as to promptly and effectively respond for the protection and pro- motion of commercial interests, while at the same time it maintains an autonomy and individuality of action in State Division and local posts. It is a commercial travelers" organization, but has for members employers of commercial travelers among whole- sale dealers and manufacturers, and this combination gives it a powerful influence. It is organized upon the Federal plan, as already men- tioned, having National, State and Municipal Governments, and its five general committees on legislation, railroads, hotels, press and employment, are represented in each of the state and municipal organizations, thereby co-operating systematically and with great discipline of effort in this work for the interest of its members and general benefit of com- mercial operations. From the late report of the National President, Mr. John A. Lee, after referring to the amendment of the Inter- State Commerce Act and the effective action of the Travelers' Protective Association in that behalf, it is shown that through its accident insurance department more than $57,000 indem- nity claims have been paid during the last year, in which six death losses are included. The total expense of conducting the Association is only about 10 per cent, more than last year, while the average membership has nearly doubled. The per capita expense allowed by the constitution is $2.00 per average membership, but only $1.77 was expended, being a saving of $i.c6 per capita as compared with the previous year, and a surplus of nearly $2,000 was saved from the expense account. Almost the entire increase in expenditures over last year was in the postage account, extra office help and identification system which was already fixed and unavoidable. During the year two new State Divisions have been or- ganized, one in Florida and one in North Carolina. Twenty- nine new Posts have also been established, and during that time only three have lapsed. The expenditures for indem- nities have been larger than ever before in the history of the Association. An amendment to the constitution was effected to establish a membership or initiation fee of $2.00, of that amount $1.00 is placed to the credit of the indemnity fund, 50 cents to the State division, and 50 cents to the local post. The total cost of conducting the Association, exclusive of in- demnities and benefits was $15,627 for the current year, as is usual with other Associations of like character, the expense per capita would be only $1.46, an eminently satisfactory showing:. 58 LOUISVILLE HEMRY PILCHERS 50M5 PIPE ORGANS LOUISVILLE, KY. •:••:• SUPERIORITY IN TONE riECHANISM AND DESIGN ESTABLISHED 1871 Soulliern (licvir Manufactory FRED WEIKEL, Proprietor MANUFACTURER OF CANE UPHOLSTERED AND COBBLER SEAT CHAIRS AND ROCKERS Factory and Warerooms S. E. Cor. Ninth and York Streets Opp. Nashville R. K. Depot LOUISVILLE, KY. The Blum Art Glass Company ORNAMENTAL GLASS METALLIC SASH BEVELED GLASS MIRRORS. MEMORIAL AND FIGURE WINDOWS NC. 2II WEST GREEN STREET LOUISVILLE, KY. A. I.. DUCKED G. I'. BORNTRAEGEH TELEPHONE 1 391 KENTUCKY WIRE WORKS MANUFACTURERS OF Office Railings, Wire Fences, Settees Flower Pot Stands Window Guards Grate Guards Nursery Fenders Tree Boxes, Floral Designs Sand Screens Lamp Shade Frames Etc. All kinds of Wire Cloth made to order NOS. 644-646 BROOK STREET BET. MADISON AND CHESTNUT CHAS. STOECKER Tanner of PURE OAK TANNED HAND STUFFED HARNESS SKIRTING COLLAR LEATHER AND HOGS SKINS No. 1637 Story Avenue LOUISVILLE, KY. Hettermann Bros. CIGAR MANUFACTURERS 1322 Floyd Street Louisville, Ky. Frank A. Menne Candy Co. INCORPORATED iBBB&Bmwm. ■-<■ — ■.. • - : ■ ■ ROWAN STREET Louisville, Ky, MEMBER GUARANTEE TICKET BROKER S ASSOCIATION Railroad and Steam Boat Ticket Office TICKETS BOUGHT, SOLD AND EXCHANGED D. S. BROWN 215 FOURTH AVE. LOUISVILLE, KY. NOTE— Before perchasing tickets call or Telephone me and I will save you from Si. 00 to $20.00. TELEPHONE 16 59 PADQCAM ClTq This city, the judicial seat of McCracken county, and the metropolis of "Jackson's Purchase," is situated on the ( )hio river, at the mouth of the Tennessee river, and 12 miles from the mouth of the Cumberland, on the C. (). & S. W. division of the X. N. & M. V. Ry. It is also the northern ter- minus of the Padu- cah, Ten nessee & Alabama Ry. It is also the southern ter- minus of the St. Louis, Alton t \; Terre Haute Ry., commonly known as t h e "Cairo Short Line," making- direct communication with Chicago a n d St. Louis. The city was incorporated in 1856, re-incorporated in 1872, and ranks as the fifth in the State in population, but is probably the third in business importance and enterprise. It has electric and horse street cars, gas and water works. The wholesale trade is very large, and includes dry goods, groceries, boots and shoes, whisky, queensware, and numerous others. There are several ex- BROADWAY LOOKING EAST FROM FIFTH ST. tensive tobacco commission houses (whose annual sales amount to many thousand hogsheads), leaf tobacco stem- meries, Hour mills, machine shops, and foundries, beside the railroad repair shops, carriage a n d w a g o n factories, a hub and spoke fac- tory, a furniture fac- tory, a stave factory, two saw mills, a ta n nery, and an ice fac- tory. Besides these, there are two daily a n d three weekly newspapers, five ho- tels and five banks, a college, a splendid public school system, a high school and a goodly number of churches. The city is the terminus of four packet lines from Evansville, Cairo, Florence (Alabama) and Nashville, thus affording most excellent shipping facilities. There are a number of handsome business block.-, and private residences, and altogether it is one of the most prosperous cities in the Southwest. Population, 23,000. Exp., Southern and Adams. Tel., W. U. 60 PADUCAII % reyfufs 4 Mm»m ^ — ^ Dilfif/ers mSm ^552^!dWALEP)s"S !2P fl Secondjt" pADUCAH, KY 61 Owing- to her size in population and commercial advant- ages she commands supremacy oxer the adjacent country for a radius of many miles. Nestled like a diamond amid the emerald hued forests of the surrounding hills, rich with timber of commerce which furnishes the crude material for the superior goods of her manufactories, she has the waters of the Tennessee, the Cumberland and the Ohio at her feet, monster highways of trade, upon the bosoms of which glide barges of com- merce richly laden with the coal which is excavated at her very door, the iron ores dug within sight of her naked eye, and the hard woods with which she challenges the world to equal. Is this not a tempting sight to the prospec- tive manufacturer ? A perfect checker board these streets, and as level, from the squares of which arises the lofty spires of God's trysting places, sur- rounded by the peaceful roofs of the contented inhabitants ; while swiftly glide in every direction cars of that unseen, subtle power, electricity. ' Those plain and spacious structures are owned by the many wholesale and tobacco warehouse interests in which Paducah abounds. Some are nestled close to the iron tracks while others find a compromise between the steam roads and the river-ways. Those towering piles, belching forth grim PADUCAH substance which forms a veil over the sun, mark where manu- factories, taking advantage of the resources of coal, iron and timber with which the surrounding country abounds, shape the staple products which add to the reputation of Paducah as a producing point. Observe what modern business blocks, what pride the merchants take in displaying their wares in the show windows of which plate glass is the rule; what ad- mirably constructed streets, lined with miles of brick side- walks, canopied with gracious shade trees. Noticeable is the care taken of the residence lawns, studded with flower beds and ornaments, indicat- ing the pride in home which every prosperous and wealthy community. Behold the fifth city in the state, the fourth largest tobacco market in the Union, and one of the few cities which can boast of not having a failure during the recent financial depression." Tradition has it that her name was given in memory of an Indian chief whose re- mains lie buried on her site. The original plat of Paducah was made and the town laid out May 26, 1827; on May 2, 1831, the first election for trustees was held; but not until March 10, 1856, was it incorporated as a city. It would be hard to imagine a site more favorable for the building of an ideal city than that possessed by Paducah. 62 CITY HALL rmjcm E. P. Gilson & Co Wholesale rS^- Paints.... Oils...Varnishes Painters' and Artists' Materials Brushes and Window Glass 4.IO Broadway. PADUCAH KENTUCKY 63 P A I ) I Elevated above the Ohio river she lies on a plain unbroken by any abruptions and sweeping smooth and level back to the hills five miles away. A slight natural elevation affords abundant natural drainage. No city on the continent can boast such straight streets, laid out at right angles and paved with gravel, thus affording the most enjoyable driving. Abun- dant shade, well kept lawns, profuse with flowers, charm the eye and senses. In architecture the city is not behind the times. Modern business blocks and residences are visible everywhere, as evidence of which a glance through these pages will suffice. The progress of improvement has been thwarted from time to time by disasters of fire and storm, but the elements were not so cruel as the catastrophe of war, at the close of which most of the city had been reduced to ashes and her most useful buildings bombarded into frag- ments. Arising above these obstacles the Paducah of today claims a population of 23,000, and stands more proudly than ever, bidding the stranger welcome to the beauties of her in- dustry, wealth and enterprise. Located on the great Ohio, just at the mouth of the Tennessee, and a few miles south of the mouth of the Cumberland, with the grand old Mississippi only fifty miles away; what better river shipping facilities could be arranged? Transportation by rail is affected by three lines, the Newport News and Mississippi Valley, form- ing a continuous line from Chesapeake Bay to California, the St. Louis and Paducah Railroad, leading to the Great North- west, and the Paducah, Tennessee and Alabama, connecting at Hollow Rock with the Louisville and Nashville. By river, boats ply the Ohio, Tennessee and Cumberland rivers the year around, and competition between boat and rail makes freight rates very low. CAH WHOLESALE INTERESTS The wholesale interests of Paducah are represented by about fifty firms, which speak volumes for the enterprise and thrift of a town of only 23,000 inhabitants. The shipping facilities are so favorable, however, and the country con- tiguous is so well settled with flourishing communities that the opportunities are especially propitious for the jobbing of all kinds of goods. About 200 traveling men represent the jobbing interests of Paducah on the road. The railroad and river carriers make sharp competition in freight rates, and the favorable position of Paducah enables these two agencies to send their freights in all directions at an advantage over all other points in competition. The individual review of each of the following wholesale interests will give a good idea of the immense volume of jobbing done at this point. THE TOBACCO INDUSTRY The casual observer of Paducah's points of commercial worth would little think that modesty quartered in different parts of the business section of twenty or more severely business-like looking men are pulling and tugging through wire and mail at the great tobacco markets of the world. Owing to the push and enterprise of these workers in ware- house, office and field, Paducah holds place as the second largest tobacco market in Kentucky, a state known to be the largest producer of tobacco in in the world, growing nearly half of all the tobacco raised in the United States. Of the exclusively dark tobacco markets of the state Paducah holds first place. In the tobacco circles of the country this is not only conceded for Paducah but regarded enviously, and if possible by fair means or trick of trade to wrench from her 64 I'.vnucAii l?e J^oyd-WI^ite epHVate ^or^ieal Hospital and Infi^ma^y ^elected at padaea^ ky tl^e S. p. j5. a^> t^e Infipmapy Fop ih^ ylennlBer^ This institution is fully equipped and has better furnishings than any similar institution in the state, nurses in constant attendance, located Corner Broadway and Sixth Street, one block from Palmer House. Reference — F. E. LACK, State Sec'y. Kentucky Division T. P. A. and other state officers. &5 Two trained PADUCAH the laurels of her position Paducah competitors would have distanced her in the struggle of the past decade. As an in- spection market for dark tobacco, Paducah today stands in the front ranks. Louisville and Cincinnati have both flour- ished under the patronage of the Burley growers, but have almost completely lost out on dark tobacco. The question of supremacy for sales of dark, heavy tobacco seems to have narrowed down to a race between Paducah and Clarksville. This competitor, however, must stay on her side of the fence or Paducah will be provoked to despoil her of some of her treasured business. Transactions in Paducah have been car- ried on with conservatism characteristic of Kentuckians, and the vicissitudes of trade that have overtaken some more southern markets have not been experienced here. Spirit and snap, conceded to be the effervescence of business, do not amount to much, however, when it comes to dealing with the cool and calculating blood of Northern Europe, and hence the advantage that accrues to Paducah's conservatism. Foreign buyers have learned by experience to depend upon the honesty of Paducah's inspection. There is no doubt that the tobacco interests must be credited with having been the backbone that carried Paducah through the recent financial distress with the proud record of not having sustained a single commercial failure, bringing to the local banks each week during the active part of the sea- son from fifty to seventy-five thousand dollars worth of European money. There are six warehouse structures in Paducah, valued from $90,000 to $100,000, and with an aggre- gate storage capacity of 15,000 hogsheads. NOTE — The author of this sketch desires to make his acknowledgments to Messrs Dil- day & Van Senden for the use of their souvenir, d;ited 1K04, which contains much useful historical information. p\nrc M' iMmWMttMMI THE QUEEN 8, * CRESCENT s ROUTE Vestibuled Limited Trains to Southern Towns and Gties. A fine trip for summer outing through the Blue Grass region, the great Cumberland Plateau and to far famed Lookout Mountain. The historic battlefields of CHICKAMAUGA, Mission Ridge and LOOKOUT MOUNT.MN. Cool and invigorating air, unequaled scenery, good hotels. Low reduced rates via the Queen & Crescent Route now on sale from cities and villages of the North. Write to AV. C. Rinearson, Gen'l Pass'r Agent, Cincinnati, for illus- trated and descriptive matter. PAbMCR OPPOSITE POST OFFICE CHARLES REED PR0PRIET9R HOUSE PASSENGER EL2EVAT0R. Heated by STEAM Rates $2.00, $2.50, 53.00 PAD8GAH KY. 67 Kentueky Division OF THE Travelers Protective Association of America ****•••••*•*****•**•**** OST "A," AT PADUCAH is a wide awake and hustling organization that we like to put i)'\ JL_ forward as representative of this city. This Post which has drawn together nearly 300 members in less than three years, was organ- ized on July 29th, 1893, with nearly thirty members. This is but one detachment in that grand army of commercial travelers, numbering hundreds of thousands, whose members are dropping from every train that stops at every town in the United States, armed with anything from a grip to a dray lull of trunks. They dispense samples and goods, information and good cheer from ocean to ocean and from the Canadas to the * .nil with unflagging zeal and industry, and as among them the spirit of true "comaraderie" is found it was verj natural that the Travelers' Protective Association should spring up for mutual protection and organized union. The Paducah Post has one of the handsomest head- quarters in the country. It is situated one block from the Post office and Palmer House, on Broadway between Fourth and Fifth streets. There the Post assembles on the second Saturday of each month. Post A also has a side degree, "which, however, is not compulsory," but affords a great deal of amusement and pleasure to those who are members, and with occasional banquets, etc., it helps to pass main- enjoyable evenings dur- ing the summer and winter months. Among the members of Post A are included main- of Paducah's leading business men who do more, as they travel over the country, to sound the praises of Paducah and extend its business connections than car loads of reading matter ever could. With natural pride in the city of their post and in their organization, they extend to all T. P. A.'s and commercial travelers a cordial invitation to visit their rooms when in the city. OS J. T. CLEMENTS I'ADl'CAI R. W. CLEMENTS J. H. CLEHENTS CLEMENTS BROS. ♦♦Lumber MANUFACTURERS OF SASH, DOORS BLIiiDS ttOULDIiiGS LONG STEAMBOAT LUMBER A SPECIALTY •/. •.". GEO. C. WALLACE D. J. GREGORY O. L. GREGORY MEYERS STREET PftDUGflH, KY. WALLACE AftD GREGORY BROS — SUCCESSORS TO JOS L FRIEDMAtt & CO. VINEGARS T^ I* llr feS» <^* «^* «^* «cl* «^» «^» «^» <s£ GIBERS^ PADUCAH. KEttTUCKY 69 Kentucky State Officers, T. P. A. of A. H. L. Weil. President (Dreyfuss & Weil). Paducah, Ky V. II. Englehart, ist Vice-President < Engelhart & Son). Louisville, Ky. J. Gilmour, 2d Vice-President (J. Gilmour), Owensboro, Ky. J as. P. Smith, 3d Vice-President. Paducah, Ky. G. L. Si.noN,4th Vice-President. Louisville. Ky. J. S. Dams, Paducah. Ky. F. E. Lack, Sec. and Trcas. ( E. P. ( iilson & Co. ), Paducah, Ky. BOARD Or DIRECTORS J. A. Bryant, (J. R. Smith & Co.). Paducah. Ky. L. F. Kolbj I)u Bois& Co.), Paducah, Ky W. [. LEVY, Paducah. Ky. P. Lackey, Paducah, Ky. A. R. Grouse, Paducah, Ky. Chairman Hotel Committee W. J. Abraham, Louisville, Ky. Chairman Press Committee H. Tandy, Paducah, Ky. Chairman Railroad Committee II. II. Beckmann, Louisville. Ky. Chairman Legislative Committee—). S. Look. Paducah, Ky PADUCAH Growers of Choice Cut Telephone is? " Rowland Place G. L. BrURSOB &, GO. F'owers and Plants Paducah, Ky. T.A.BAUER MANUFACTURER OF STONEWARE, FRUIT JARS FLOWER POTS. ETC. GARDEN AND FLOWER VASES CORNER 7th AND TRIMBLE STREETS PADUCAH, KY. JOHN GILBERT, President J. H. FOWLER, Superintendent G. O. CRUMBAUGH Secretary S. A. FOWLER, Gen'l Freight Agent EVANSVILLE, PADUCAH AHO CAIRO PACKET LINE OPERATED BY Tennessee and Ohio River Transportation Company I i ■3tm ■ii- iiuiittfiFiaKiilVriWSs GENERAL OFFICES, PADUCAH, KENTUCKY Leaves Evansville for Paducah 4:30 p. m. Leaves Paducah for Evansville 10:00 a. m. Leaves Paducah for Cairo 8:00 a. m. Leaves 1 lairo for Paducah 5:00 p. in. DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY 7' LflB0RSS60MM&R6lfll_ TRAVELERS •A**************************** \ the life-work of the commercial traveler there are two features deserving of con- sideration. One involves the character and importance of his labor, the other his sacrifii es and compensations. I 'l>on his energy and ability the fortunes of the largest as well as the less prominent, mercantile and manufacturing enterprises rest. He is their trusted and most responsible representative. He goes forth to build up and maintain the -ivat business operations of those whom he represents. He directs the llow of-a thousand steams of trade to. a central point, without which the business interests of Ins employers would languish. He touches new fields of trade, and they become sources of great profit to the merchant, who -its m his luxurious office and directs the movements of his repres- entatives, lie must be a man of special qualifications, accur- ate and quick judgment, unconquerable energy, always genial and engaging in his manner, whether overtaken by disaster or encouraged by success. He may be the representative of a single establishment only, and vet he is the most valuable factor in the trade of a whole city; because he is practically the agent of every in- dustry and every merchant in it. It is not sufficient that his knowledge should only extend to the line of goods in winch he deals, but he must be informed upon every subject relating to the city he represents. To accomplish all this the commercial traveler makes great sacrifices. EJe surrenders the large portion of hi. home life and- leaves his wife, and children to depend upon others for social enjoyment. He sends them his love and salary, but is seldom with them to enjoy the -real and inestimable privileges of his family circle. At all seasons of the year, whether in sunshine or in storm, he must be on the alert, and in addition to his samples he must bear the constant burden ol care and responsibility. fo travel almost without ceasing*— sometimes in fine railway carriages, then upon freight trains; often in stages and again on horseback or in open conveyances, at all times "I day and night; then hurrying from the tram to a good or indifferent hotel, sleeping and eating with a rush, making calls on customers, and either in sickness or health, travel- worn, tired, depressed or hopeful, be the same genial, cordial gentleman always are among the sacrifices that shorten the active lives of commercial travelers. If discouragement or disappointment overtakes him he must not show it. If his wife or any of his little ones are ill. he must press the sad news back to his heart, because commerce and trade demand hi- best efforts. These are some of the experiences of the commercial traveler in building fortunes for the enjoyment of others, while at the end of his career his salary ami percentages have usually been absorbed for the support of his family. His < ompensation has been inadequate to provide for the future. In advancing age or in case of death, his condition appeals strongly to those who have been enriched and are surrounded with comforts and luxuries through his labors. <il-:o. o. HART, Presidenl H. it. hank. Secretarj QEO. B. HART. V-I>res't and Treas. Geo. O. Hart & Son Hardware and Stove Co. INCORPORATED JOBBERS OF Hardware. Iron and Stoves Tinware and Blacksmiths Material 303-305-307 North liroadway PADUCAH, KY. THE FORKED DEER TOBACCO J&L, WORKS Smith & Scott MANUFACTURERS OFTME CCLC8RATE0 •FORKED-DEER"and "PRIDE OF DIXIE" TOBACCOS PADUCAH, KENTUCKY <iF:<>. C. THOHPSON, Presidenl EI). L. ATKINS, Cashier MAD! (All M HLOOM, Presidenl THE AMERICAN GERMAN NATIONAL BANK PADUCAH KENTUCKY ELBRIDGE PALMER E. E. BELL Oliio^iver Spoke M I^im (°mp&ny MANUFACTURERS. OF WHEEL MATERIAL Club turned I [ickory Spokes ami Sawed I lickory Kim Strips A Specialty PADUCAH, KY. T. I. ATKINS. Treasurer W.M. BORNEMAJNN, Secretary Paducah Ice Company INCORPORATED Daily Ice making capacity, 75 tons Daily Cold storage capacity, 30 tons Ice made oi distilled river water and in tanks weighing 106-108 lbs. fevn^foff-Orm GEO. LANGSTAFF, |k., President II M. Or.M, Vice President < ', 1 , 1. Langstaiu', Sec'y II. W, Rankin, Treasurer i^nuf&durin^ Co. INCORPORATED MANUFACTURHRS OF LUMBER.. Sash, Doors, Blinds Long Steamboat Lumber ■ CAT THIS AND TARE THl MORN*. IO.BTI FT OF INCH MOPL,R BOARDS CUT IN ol'.' MINUTIS BY ONE To INCH OIHCULAR SAW ON MAY IB. 1BTT No. 438 South Second Street A Specialty PADUCAH, KENTUCKY LEXINGTON HIS enter™ and beautifu, clt ,„,, cll „ ^ rf ^ ^ ^ y ^ ^ ^ •he natural depot for the immense resources - Woman Triumphant : » an opera house „„„ t a, a cos, ,„ .1 Centraland Jastern Kentucky, is located $50,000, with a seating capacity of , ano • , „ ■ ">. ajj.u u\ o\ 1,400, a new government building andpostoffice at a cost of $130,000. on the town fork of Elkhorn river, in Fayette County, of |o win, h it is the judicial scat, 04 O m »es east oi Louisville and ~k e^ 79 from Covington, and pre- sents an extremely attractive appearance, its streets being broad and well paved and studded with handsome business blocks and private residences. The city has never been more progressive and alive than at present; street railways, telephones, elec- Natiiral Bridge, Kentucky, on Lexington & Eastern Railway. It 1- especially celebrated for its educa- tional institutions, foremost among which are the Kentucky University, the State College of Kentucky, Sayre Female In- stitute, St. Catherines Academy, Hamilton Female College, 5 public school buildings for whites and 4 for colored. The remains of main- of the most illustrious men of the State are interred in the cemetery here. which is one oi the most beautiful in the trie lights, electric street cars, electric patrol and messenger I mted St„ 1 c ■ , l mh(l btates - a nd a fine monument erected in memorj of service, also a free mail delivery and chamber of commerce 11,-m-v.i ,1 mmerce. Henry Clay, the eminent statesman, is here. Eighteen white rhere ^«^agn,ficentcourthouse,whichcost$i50,ooo,in the churches and „ ,. . enureses and 13 colored, representing the various religious _ i.r.xTxr.TON PHOENIX HO*E& QMflS. SEELPflQM LEXINGTON KENTUCKY . jar "* , the commercial travelers headquarters AND ONE OF THE BEST HOTELS IN THE SOUTH AN I) Till- ONLY STRICTLY FIRST-CLASS ONE IN LEXINGTON RATES #3.5© AND $3.00 PER DAY AND SPECIAL RATES LEXINGTON denominations, arc sustained. The city contains 12 banks and 2safety vault trust companies; g newspapers, viz.: Tran- script (daily and weekly), Press (daily and weekly), Leader ( daily and weekly >, Gazette ( semi-weekly and weekly >. Live Stink Record, Stock Farm, Blue Grass Blade, Trades Jour- nal, Kentucky Soldier, and four college papers. Its railroad facilities are unsurpassed, the following lines centering here and radiating to all points: Kentucky Central, Maysville branch of Kentucky Central, Cincinnati Southern, Louisville Southern, Kentucky I 'nion, Newport News & Mississippi Valley, Louisville & Nashville, and Electric Belt Line. Lexington claims one of the most successful agricultural and mechanical associations in the State. At its annual fairs, which are held the last Tuesday in August, the displays of Kentucky products of all descriptions arc superb, and the exhibition of tine livestock, for which the Blue- Grass region is so celebrated, cannot be surpassed. The Kentucky Asso- ciarion, being the oldest racing association in the West, holds spring and fall meetings; the Kentucky Trotting Horse Breeders' Association also having fall meetings. The annual sales of horses in Lexington will aggregate two million dol- lars. Express, Adams and United States. Telegraph, Western I nion. Population, 40,000. I .EXINGTON ^ X1INOTON STEHtf o o o o o c J, ft WlLU^nS PROF. 1 -f <p a* ^fe k^Mk m^ j ^r^ ■ & \er)th^y ^lean)^"^ L>a£ir)dpy MMptor) & (L.M>ppen, p'ips. 77 National Officers T. P. A. of A. .„ 1895=96 John A. Lee, President. St. Louis, Mo. Louis T. LaBeaume, Secretary and Treasurer, St. Louis, Mo. Joseph Wallerstein, 1st Vice-President, Richmond. \'a. A. E. McKenzie, 2d Vice-President, Denver, Colo. L. C. Cardinal, 3d Vice-President, Montgomery, Ala. Ciias. W. Jacobs, 4th Vice-President, Nashville, Tenn. Geo. F. Burchard, 5th Vice-President, Little Rock. Ark NATIONAL BOARD OF DIRECTORS Cari. M. ALDRICH, Peoria. 111. N. E. Hu<;ni:s. Memphis, Tenn. John J. Knight, Dallas, Tex. George P. Heckel, St. Louis, Mo. C. II. WlCKARD, St. Louis, Mo. W. A. Kirchhoff, St. Louis, Mo. Chairman National Railroad Committee— Neil McCoull, 60 Wabash Ave.. Chicago, 111 Chairman National-Hotel Committee— \\v.\\. F. Hoffmann, Lafayette, Ind. Chairman National Legislative Committee— J ohn S. Harwood, iooi Can St., Richmond, Va. Chairman National Press Committee -J. M. Benish, Houston, Tex. Chairman National Employment Committee— J . C. Simering, 1536 Harlem Ave., Baltimore, Md. Auditing Committee E. L. Higdon, Birmingham, Ala. Frank II. Putnam, Peoria, 111. Samuel Friedberg, Milwaukee, Wis. Chaplain— Rkw Alonzo Monk, Macon, Ga. Attorney— Henry T. Kent, St. Louis. Mo. National Headquarters St. Louis, Mo. ' 8 ESTABLISHETI 1TBO VV A K/N l/N VT7 : Bewara of fraudulent Imitations and Refilled Bottles. All genuine Distillery Bottling of ^VOLD PEPPER WHISKEY --VH-. which is guaranteed absolutely the purest and best in the world, bears the following unbroken signature on the "JAS. E. PEPPER & CO " back Caution Label and across the ' Dividers ami Botiier*. stopper LEXINGTON, KY. Jamrs E. Pepper, is the only one bearing the name, who has been en- gaged in the distillery business, in this country for more than 2=, years. A HINT TO THE WISE IS SUFFICIENT. OLD ELK LEXINGTON Lfexin^Ion Hi Extern I^ilw&y Qo. President H. C. MCDOWELL Vice l'res. and Gen'l Manager J. IX LIVINGSTON Secretarv and Gen'l Solicitor ARTHUR CARV Treasurer and Auditor GEO. COPLAND Gen'l Passenger and Freight Agent CHAS. SCOTT General Offices, LEXINGTON, Kg. The Ideal Mountain Route of Kentucky Stoll, Vannatta & Co. INCORPORATED ^DISTILLGRS-^ Lexington, Kentucky. l_e:l_amd hotel *•*•••**•*•*** Mm 1 wo Squares from Depots Ji ****•**•*•**** ****•*****•*•• On Street Car Line •••*****•••*•* LLXINCTON. KY Only Hotel in the Citv with ?verv room STEAM HEAT- Passenger Elevator Large Sample Rooms Commercial Kates $2.00 J. . v \. SKA IN. Prop. FnnncrH whli Phoenix Hotel NATURAL BRIDGE, TORRENT, GRAINING BLOCK CANON AND FORKS OF KENTUCKY RIVER are unexcelled for grandure °f scenery. J. Will. Mcl'ormick W. R. Cockrell J. M. McCormick LEAinoion Lumber § TlnnumauKinQ Co. Manufacturers and Dealers In though and Dressed Liumbet* Yard, Office and Factory 32T East Main St., at <Z. Sn O. "R. "R. erossing. PHONE 156. 79 jfranltfort Capital of the Blue Grass State S the scat of government of the State of Kentucky, and is situated on the north and south sides of the Kentucky river, in Franklin county, 65 miles from Louisville. It is upon the branch line of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad to Lexington, and is the western terminus of the Kentucky Midland Railway, completed to Paris, and to be con- tinued to Virginia connections. By these lines it has easy and fre- quent connection with the great trunk lines to the north, east and south. The Ken- tucky river is navigable to points far above Frankfort, and regular lines of steamers ply its waters, carrying both freight and passengers. The population, according to the census of 1895, was 12,200. There are 6 banks, 2 daily and 3 weekly newspapers, 10 elegant church buildings, excellent public schools for white and colored pupils, numerous first-class private schools, and a State Normal School for the training" of colored teachers. The business of the city, while principally of a retail character, is large, and conducted by men of public spirit and energy. In the vicinity are several stock farms, from which have come some of the fastest trotters on the turf, and the stables of which contain some of the best blooded horses in the State. The manu- facturing industries are varied and extensive, and a large trade is done with the surrounding country. Exp., Adams and U. S. Tel., W. U. Telephone communi- cation. FRANKFORT Best Flour in America MADE FROM ^^^__ Selected Winter Wheat MILAM'S REEL BE In use by thousands of leading sportsmen. Perfect in construc- tion, elegant In appearance, and must durable in the world. The Standard for Sixty years. B. C. MILAM & SON, FRANKFORT, KY. Write Direct to= ■® The Geo. f . Stacjcj £omp&r?y FOR O. F. C. WHISKY Frankfort, ljy. KENTOGKY niBLAND RAILWAY Frankfort, Kentucky. Connects at Georgetown for Cincinnati. Connects at Georgetown for Lexington and the South. Connects at Georgetown for Versailles and Shelbyville. Connects at Paris for Winchester and Richmond. Connects at Paris for Maysville. C. D. BERCAW, G. p. a. Si <&tomrfboni HE northern terminus of the O. & L. Ry., on the L., St. L. & T.. and ()., F. of K. & G. R. R. Ky's located on the Ohio river, 150 miles below Louisville. Was selected as the county seat of Daviess county tn 181s, and named in honor of Col. Ahrani Owen, one of the early pioneers of this section. This city is beautifully laid out, and contains some hnc business blocks and private residences, and is lighted by gas. The Westinghouse electric light is also in use here. Water works on the Holly system. Amongthe features of the place are 3 hotels, 3 daily and weekly newspapers, g banks, 15 churches, good schools (high and normal), flour mills, several carriage and wagon shops, brick yards, a foundry and machine shop, planing and saw mills, a handle factory, iq distilleries in the county manufacture 500 barrels per day. The tobacco interest is large, many stemmeries being in operation here and 18,000,000 pounds being shipped annually. Coal and iron are mined, and valuable marble quarries are being profitably worked in the vicinity. The wholesale trade of tin- city is extensive, this place being the supply point for the adjacent country. Bxp., Adams, Southern and U. S. Tel., \\ . U. Telephonic communication with surrounding towns. The free delivery system is in operation at the postofiice here. Population, 15,000. B O OWENS Trade R O M:nk JOHN GILMOUR, PREST Greenville ILM0H^ Bros. Bo. OWENS !OR() Owensboro Wagon Co. «« INCORPORATED MANUFACTURERS OF PLUBi^TWIST TOBAeeo OWENSBORO, KY. LONG TIME ...SMOKING Guaranteed 3 years old T. A. PEDLEY. PRES J G. BURCH , Mr.R People's Transfer Co. OWENSBORO, KY., (Successors to Morgan Hulsey & Co,, and Owensboro Transfer Co. i CHECKMEN ON ALL TRAINS ENTERING TNE CITY. Hacks and Baggage Wagons meet all Trains. Only Transfer Company in Owensboro properly equipped for handling Passengers and Baggage SUITABLE RATES PAIR TREA Telephone 170 Our Clieckitien iyMIuUmU} furnish you with ruteg. and information Keport couiplaiulM direct i" headquarters. Office and Stables, 118 E. Third Street. EQUITABLE RATES FAIR TREATnENT I. II. IM< kman, Preat. 1 W. Bransford, Vice Prenl W, A. Steele, Sr< ■> and Mgr CORPORATED MANUFACTURERS OF The "Owensboro" Wagons DRAYS AND DUMP CARTS. w-ww^ r*** We want you to stop and think, before buying, of the advantages to be had in an "Owensboro" Wagon, it has stood every test, filled every requirement and in the lace of the must earnest efforts ot all other wagon makers to equal it IT STANDS WITHOUT A RIVAL. Buy the "Owensboro" Farm Wagon and you are absolutely certain to get just what you want. Manufactured by Owensboro Wagon Co. OWENSBORO, KY. "R. Monarch" and "Kentucky Club" Pare Whiskies. _,. HANO'vy flr1 ASH It, 1 ■ W&k K>, ... •■••• v Jffi» n OWtNSBORO KY Genuine Only when Bottled in this Style Package. Put up in Quarts, Pints and One-Half Pints Ask your Dealer for these IJrands. If he hasn't them, write us R. MONARCH BOTTLING CO, OWENSBORO, KY. »_a_UTmrrrit_ti_r f^entortfott ffiopkinmilt »tF*mswvm Kffil IIS flourishing city, the judicial seat ol the nty of same name, is situated on the south hank of the Ohio river, ten miles south of Evansville, Ind., and mid- way between Louisville and Cairo, 111., on the L. & N., the L., St. L. & T. and the O. V. Rys, 145 miles from Nash- ville, Tenn., 171 from St. Louis, Mo., and is the central point in navigation of a number of river routes, among them the Ohio, Mississippi, Wabash, Cumberland and Tennessee. It is also a point of landing for regular lines of steamers, con- necting Cincinnati and Louisville wirth Memphis and New- Orleans, as well as for smaller boats, which are constantly arriving and departing. There are 16 large stemmeries, a carriage and buggy factory, two large hominy and grist mills, one planing and two sawmills, an ice factory, a woolen mill, two distilleries, foundry and machine shops, two plug tobacco factories, a brewery, two brickyards, four banks, three newspapers, good hotels, an opera house and one of the largest cotton factories in the south, employing 600 hands. I he city is lighted with gas and employs a regular police force. It has an excellent system of water works, erected at a cost of $100,000. The water works and gas works are owned by the city, and water and gas are furnished consum- ers at the lowest rates, and both are a source of revenue to the city. Its public school building cost $55,000, and is com- plete in all respects. The great iron bridge over the Ohio river is one of the largest of its kind, and is making Hen- derson a railroad center, assuring the future prosperity of the city. Tel.. \Y. L. ami B. c\; (). Exp., Adams, Southern and 1 . S. Population, 15,000. \mH Christian county, of which it is the judicial seat. ^F5d I his the largest wheat and tobacco producing county m tiie State, and ranks third in point of population. It is on the Town or west fork of Little river, extending almost to the east fork of the same, a distance of 1 '_. miles. The country north contains inexhaustible stores of coal andiron, besides large belts of timber. It is a station on the St. L., E. & X. line L. ,\- X. R. R., 71 miles from Nashville, Tenn.. 84 from Evansville, Ind., and 175 from Louisville. The city has made rapid progress during the past lew years, and is one of the largest tobacco markets in the State. There are Q churches, and education is represented by a free graded school, a male college and one for females, also one for the colored people. The principal manufacturing interests are 2 flouring mills, 1 planing mill, 2 carriage factories. 1 plow and wagon shop. 4 tobacco rehandling houses and 2 stem- meries, 4 weekly and 1 daily newspapers, 4 banks, 1 ice fac- tory, 1 foundry and a very thorough representation of the minor trades and professions. The city has an efficient fire department and a gas company. There are 2 hotels here, near the business portion of the city. The city is lighted with gas. Tel. W. L. Exp., Southern. Population, 7,000. John \V. Breathitt, postmaster. 84 llliNDHRSON ridRSTdLL FURNITURE C2 MANUFACTURERS OF «^» «^C •£» <J% complete line Oak Wardrobes j " e f Sideboards Chiffoniers and Kitchen Cupboards HENDERSON, KY. Equipped with all Latest Machinery /Nothing but First-Class Work RKD Eclipse haandry Dye (Korks SeH LAMP & KLEIBE-RE-R PROPHI ETORS "J AMD 9 S. MAIM ■Henderson, Ky. HOPKINSVILLE H BEST OF ALL SMOKI/NG TOBAeeOS ff CHEW Kentucky Diamond TWIST CHEWING BRANDS Kentucky Diamond Twist, Choice Greenville, Old Kentucky Greenville, Ringer Plug, Spokane Twist. Ring Leader Twist. SMOKING BRANDS— Red Duke. Old Joe. MANUFACTURED BY nQiMSVILLE TODnCCO HFG. CD. ■Hopkinsville, Ky. FOR SHL6 BY 7SLL JOBB6RS. 85 CUhat the T. P. A. has done The following are among the achievements of the Travelers Protective Association i It has secured a decision in the Supreme Court of the United States against the constitutionality oi the so-called " I )rummers" License Tax." which was imposed by fifteen States, three Territories and the District of Columbia. 2 It has secured tor members better hotel accommodations, with the free privileges of sample rooms, at a reduction from genera] rates. 3 It lias obtained reduced rates from 'bus and transporta- tion companies in many States for members. 4 U has influenced the issuance of a 5.000-mile book by the bake Shore, Michigan Southern and Wisconsin Central system, good over nearly fifty lines of railway. 5 It has influenced the issuance of week end tickets from a large number of western railway companies, enabling members to leave for home Saturday night and return Monday morning at one fare for round trip. 6 It has secured from the Iron Mountain and Cotton Belt railroads a concession of \4c, per mile from former mile- age rates 7 A -real many railroads are now issuing 1,000-mile tickets at 2c. per mile, owing to the influence of the T. I'. A. 8 H ha. provided a $5,000 accident insurance policy for each of its members, and pays its members $25.00 weekly indemnity in case of disability from accident. All its benefits being limited to a fixed cost of $10.00 per annum to members. Q It succeeded in having passed by Congress a bill amend- ing the Inter-State Commerce Law, granting railroad companies the privilege to allow commercial travelers to carry 300 pounds of baggage instead of 150 pounds. 10 It has succeeded in having passed by Congress a bill ( 1 1. R. 32Q1 ) amending the Inter-State Commerce Law, allowing railroads to place on sale a 5000 mile universal interchangeable mileage book at 2c. per mile. This bill will save thousands of dollars annually to merchants and manufacturers. 1 1 It has organized and established thirty-two state divisions in thirty-two states, on the federal plan, and is now the grandest, most influential, active and enthusiastic body of commercial travelers in the world. 12 Its membership co-operates with all Commercial in- terests, and helps to build up the business of every State and City in which the Association has an organization. It has no interests which are not identical with those of the manufacturers, merchants and transportation com- panies.